The SBA Blog

Navigating the Evolving Landscape of ESG Legislation in Europe and the UK

22 November 2023.

In recent years, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) considerations have taken centre stage in the world of finance and business. Investors, consumers, and regulators alike are increasingly recognizing the importance of ESG factors in assessing the long-term sustainability and ethical practices of companies. As a result, both Europe and the United Kingdom have been at the forefront of implementing and shaping ESG legislation. In this article, we will explore the current ESG regulatory landscape in Europe and the UK and highlight some upcoming developments.

The Current State of ESG Legislation

  1. European Union (EU)

The European Union has been a trailblazer in ESG regulation. In 2018, it introduced the European Sustainable Finance Action Plan, which laid the foundation for a comprehensive ESG regulatory framework. Key components of this plan include:

a. Taxonomy Regulation: This regulation, which came into force in July 2021, establishes a classification system for sustainable economic activities. It helps investors and companies identify which economic activities are environmentally sustainable, thus facilitating sustainable investment.

b. Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR): SFDR, effective since March 2021, requires financial market participants and advisers to disclose how they integrate ESG factors into their investment processes. It also introduces rules for promoting ESG-focused financial products.

c. EU Green Bond Standard: Under development, this standard aims to ensure that green bonds meet strict environmental criteria. Once implemented, it will provide a framework for green bond issuance and investment in the EU.

  1. United Kingdom (UK)

The UK has also made significant strides in ESG regulation post-Brexit. Key developments include:

a. Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD): The UK government has endorsed the TCFD framework, encouraging companies and financial institutions to disclose climate-related risks and opportunities in their financial reporting.

b. Stewardship Code: In 2020, the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) updated the UK Stewardship Code, emphasizing the importance of effective stewardship by investors to protect and enhance the value of assets.

Upcoming ESG Legislation

  1. EU Sustainable Finance Package

The EU is set to introduce a new wave of ESG legislation, including:

a. Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD): This proposal aims to expand the scope of ESG reporting by requiring more companies to disclose non-financial information. It will also introduce standardized reporting templates.

b. Green Bond Standard: Building on the existing EU Green Bond Standard, this proposal seeks to establish a common framework for green bonds across the EU, promoting transparency and credibility.

  1. UK ESG Regulatory Developments

The UK is expected to further align its ESG regulations with global standards and market expectations. Potential upcoming measures may include:

a. Mandatory ESG Reporting: The UK government is considering making ESG reporting mandatory for certain companies, following a consultation in 2021.

b. Sustainability-Linked Bonds: The UK may explore the issuance of sustainability-linked bonds to finance environmentally friendly projects.


ESG considerations have evolved from being a niche concern to a fundamental aspect of investment and business practices. Europe and the UK have been proactive in shaping the ESG regulatory landscape. As the world grapples with pressing issues like climate change and social inequality, ESG legislation will likely continue to evolve, creating a more transparent and sustainable business environment. Staying informed about these regulations and their implications will be crucial for businesses and investors seeking to navigate this dynamic landscape effectively.